Medical Care

The nursing professions have a clear career path and prospects. With the ageing of Hong Kong’s population and the successive completion of new hospitals and homes, the medical and nursing professionals in the industry are in great demand. In both private market and public sector, there are plenty of job opportunities and good pays and benefits. The medical and nursing grades comprise three categories, including medical and nursing staff, allied health care personnel and nursing staff.

Job Title
Duties

Duties include examining and diagnosing patients, prescribing medicines, conducting courses of treatment or surgery, and will also be responsible for health care administration, such as the promotion of public health. There are a wide range of medical practitioners, including private practitioners, Hospital Authority doctors and doctors from the Department of Health. The following are the main duties of doctors:

  • To diagnose, treat, and take care of a patient, such as a physical examination
  • Relieve or relieve the patient of physical and psychological pain
  • Explain and explain the condition to the patient and his / her family members
  • Confidentiality for patient privacy
Working hours

About 48-65 hours a week, shift work and on-call duty

Working environment

Generally work in hospitals, clinics, work pressure, the content of work requires a high degree of focus

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Doctor / resident physician
Approximately from $62,225
Senior doctor / Deputy consultant
Approximately from $105,880
Consultant doctor
Approximately from $135,950

Note: The above pay is based on the Master pay scale for Government grades (with effect from 1 April 2018). If you are working in a non-governmental organization, your salary will vary.

Entry requirements
  • Bachelor’s degree in general medicine from the University of Hong Kong or the Chinese University of Hong Kong, or equivalent
  • Holds a medical qualification that may be registered in Hong Kong under the Medical Registration Ordinance
  • In the Common recruitment examination (CRE), the use of Chinese and English in the use of a grade note 1, or equivalent

Note 1: If you are working in a government agency, you need to pass the Common recruitment examination (CRE).

Duties

There are two main categories of nurses: General Practice and Psychiatry. They serve and care for patients with different needs. The following are the main duties of nurses:

  • Patrol wards and monitor the patients in hospitals
  • Injection, cleaning, dressing and preliminary assessment of the patient (e. G. Body temperature, blood pressure, etc.)
  • Assist doctor with treatment or surgery
  • May need to work with a doctor to make a clinical judgment

 

Working hours

About 44 hours a week, shift work and on-call duty

Working environment

Generally work in hospitals, clinics

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Registered nurse
Approximately from $28,040
Senior nurse
Approximately from $47,240
Consultant nurse
Approximately from $65,740

Note 2: the above pay is based on the Master pay scale for Government grades (with effect from 1 April 2018). If you are working in a non-governmental organization, your salary will be different.
Note 3: nurses are classified into general and psychiatric departments with different starting salary points.

Entry requirements
  • Level 2 or above in five subjects in the secondary school diploma examination, level 3 or above in Chinese language and English language
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing
  • Holding a certificate of registration issued by the nursing council of Hong Kong
Duties

There are two main categories of nurses: General Practice and Psychiatry. They serve and care for patients with different needs. The following are the main duties of nurses:

  • Take care of the patient
  • Register, dispense, or dispense medication to a patient
  • Nursing under the supervision of a registered nurse
Working hours

About 44 hours a week, shift work and on-call duty

Working environment

Generally work in hospitals, clinics

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Enrolled nurse
Approximately from $17,685

Note 1: enrolled nurses can be promoted to registered nurses through further training courses.

Entry requirements
  • Level 2 or equivalent or above in five subjects (including Chinese Languages, English Languages and Mathematics) in the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination
  • Completion of accredited pre-registration care courses
  • Holding a certificate of enrolment issued by the Nursing Council of Hong Kong
Duties

The midwife is responsible for the preparation before labour delivery, clinical guidance and post-natal follow-up. Their work requires a high degree of focus. Their main tasks include:

  • Provision of guidance and care to women during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum
  • Prenatal education for parents
  • Be ready for delivery at any time
  • Teach mothers to breastfeed and take care of their newborn babies
Working hours

About 48-55 hours a week, depending on the organization

Working environment

Work in a hospital

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Midwife
Approximately $23,000-37,000
Senior midwife
Approximately from $47,000
Advanced practising nurse
Approximately from $65,000

Note: The salary after promotion varies according to experience and ability.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing and registration with the Nursing Council of Hong Kong as a Registered Nurse (General)
  • Completed the full-time midwifery training course in a recognised training institute, passed the Midwives Council Examination and registered as a registered midwife
Duties

The main responsibility of Chinese medicine practitioners is to diagnose and treat patients, and to use the theory of traditional Chinese medicine to diagnose symptoms. As the Government is preparing for the construction of a Chinese medicine hospital, the demand for Chinese medicine practitioners has been increasing in recent years. The following are the main duties of Chinese medicine practitioners:

  • Analysis based on diagnosis and determination of treatment
  • Prescription of traditional Chinese medicine according to patient’s condition
  • Acupuncture, cupping, massage etc
Working hours

About 44 hours a week, depending on the organization

Working environment

General in hospitals, Chinese medicine clinics

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Attention to details
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Junior physician
Approximately $14,000-18,000
Chinese medicine practitioners
Approximately $20,000 or more

Note 1: Pay varies according to performance, experience and agency.

Entry requirements
  • Bachelor degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine, or equivalent
  • Passed the Licensing examination of Chinese Medicine Practitioners and completed registration with the Chinese Medicine Council of Hong Kong
Duties

Dentists mainly examine, diagnose and treat patients with oral problems. The following are the main duties of dentists:

  • Treatment of patients with oral diseases
  • Examination and diagnosis of oral problems
  • Perform dental treatment or surgery, such as extraction or filling
  • Education of patient care of dental knowledge
Working hours

About 44 hours a week, depending on the organization

Working environment

Generally work in hospital, clinic

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Attention to details
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Dentist
Approximately from $56,755

Note: the above pay is based on the Master pay scale for Government grades (with effect from 1 April 2016). If you are working in a non-governmental organization, your salary will vary.

Entry requirements
  • Bachelor of Dentistry from the University of Hong Kong, or equivalent or
    Registered in Hong Kong under the Dentists Registration Ordinance
  • Holding a valid practising certificate issued by the Dental Council of Hong Kong
  • In the Common recruitment examination (CRE), the use of Chinese and English in the use of a grade note 1, or equivalent

Note 1: If you are working in a government agency, you need to pass the Common recruitment examination (CRE)

Examples of related training and courses
Duties

The physiotherapist is a specialised medical professional who is responsible for the treatment of spinal strain, pain, sports injuries, burns, rehabilitation of the limbs, rehabilitation of the brain and nervous system. Physiotherapy is a non-pharmacological treatment that generally restores bodily functions through different physical stimulation of the human body. The main tasks of a physiotherapist include:

  • Clinical examination and treatment by means of electrical, magnetic, hydraulic, refrigeration, thermal and other mediums, and diagnosis of diseases related to bone, muscle and nervous system
  • Use different equipment and therapies for rehabilitation and relieve the pain of patients
  • With the application of physiological, psychological, pathological and anatomical sciences, investigate, study and develop more appropriate treatment for patients with pain
Working hours

About 48 hours a week, work in shifts in public hospitals

Working environment

Usually work in a private clinic or hospital

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Grade 2 physiotherapist
Approximately from $28,725
Grade 1 physiotherapist
Approximately from $48,540
Senior physiotherapist
Approximately from $70,590

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor of Science Degree in Physiotherapy or equivalent
  • Be registered as a physiotherapist with the Hong Kong Physiotherapy Association and hold a valid practising certificate
Duties

The Occupational therapist is a specialised medical professional who use specially designed activities, devices and environments to help people with autism, hyperactivity, dyslexia, stroke, Parkinson’s disease and mood disorders to return to normal lifestyles. Clients include the elderly, adults and children. The main tasks of an occupational therapist include:

  • Develop treatment plans, design and conduct training for patients
  • Assist patients to resume their ability to take care of themselves in general daily life
  • Improve patients’ daily living environment and arrange assistive tools
  • Examine and evaluate the patient’s condition and understand the need for treatment
Working hours

About 48 hours a week, work in shifts in public hospitals

Working environment

Usually work in a private clinic or hospital

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Grade 2 occupational therapists
Approximately from $28,725
Grade 1 occupational therapists
Approximately from $48,540
Senior occupational therapists
Approximately $70,590

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor of Science Degree in Occupational Therapy or equivalent
  • Registered as an occupational therapist with a valid practising certificate by the Occupational Therapists Board of Hong Kong
Duties

The Speech therapist is an allied health professional serving persons with communication and deglutition disorders, including stuttering, cleft lip, autism, aphasia, hearing impairment, mental retardation and developmental retardation. The main tasks of a speech therapist include:

  • Examine, evaluate, and develop appropriate treatment for patients
  • Observe and listen to the patient’s words and actions, and understand the patient’s problems and difficulties
  • Give treatment to patients through training, or the use of equipment and assistive tools
  • Provide advice and guidance to patients and their families
Working hours

About 44 hours a week

Working environment

Usually work in a private clinic or hospital

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Speech therapist
Approximately from $31,685
Senior speech therapist
Approximately from $50,825

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Speech Therapy from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English
  • A good command of written Chinese and English
Duties

The pharmacist is a specialised medical professional. With the gradual completion of hospitals in Hong Kong and the dramatically increase in the demand for manpower in the health care system, the pharmaceutical industry has also increased its demand for drug control work. The main tasks of a pharmacist include:

  • Supervise dispensers in dispensing work
  • Dispense medicine to a patient according to a doctor’s prescription
  • Properly label a drug
  • Proper handling and storage of drugs
Working hours

About 44-48 hours a week

Working environment

Works in private clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, pharmaceutical factories, drug wholesalers, government laboratories, etc

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Resident pharmacist
Approximately from $39,350
Pharmacist
Senior Pharmacist

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Pharmacy from the University of Hong Kong or the Chinese University of Hong Kong, or equivalent
  • Trained in Hong Kong by the Hospital Authority for a period of one year as a rule
  • Registered as a pharmacist with the Pharmacy and Poisons Board of Hong Kong
Duties

The areas of specialization of a dietitian include clinical nutritional therapy, dietary therapy, food science, human nutrition and biochemistry. The main tasks of a dietitian include:

  • Design, implement and evaluate patients’ nutritional status and nutritional diet
  • Provide dietary advisory services and nutrition education to patients and their families
  • Monitor the quality and safety of patients’ diets to ensure a balanced diet
Working hours

About 44 hours a week, may vary depending on medical establishments

Working environment

Working in a hospital, clinic or private medical establishment

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Dietitian
Approximately $31,685 or more
Senior dietitian
Approximately $50,825 or more

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics from a local university and Diploma in Therapeutics in Nutrition from the School of Professional and Continuing Education of the University of Hong Kong; or
  • A licence for an overseas registered dietitian is granted upon completion of the training and further studies of an approved registered dietitian in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada or Australia, completion of the clinical practice training and passing of the professional examination.
Duties

The optometrist is a specialised medical professional who  is primarily responsible for the diagnosis, examination and care of eyes. The main tasks of the optometrists include:

  • Use specialized ophthalmic equipment to examine patients’ eye health
  • Provide appropriate eye care advice and education to customers or patients
  • Check the eyesight of a customer or patient
  • Provide appropriate treatment and eye training for patients with eye diseases such as strabismus or amblyopia
Working hours

About 44-55 hours a week, may vary depending on medical establishments

Working environment

Working in a hospital, clinic or private optometry centre

Personality
Patient
Helpful
Be logical
Responsible
Promotion and reference salary
Optometrist
Approximately $20,000-25,000
Senior optometrists
Approximately $30,000-40,000
Manager optometrist
Approximately $40,000 or more

Note: The salary after promotion varies according to experience and ability.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor of Science in Optometry from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University or equivalent,
  • A holder of a practising licence as a registered optometrist at  the Hong Kong Society of Professional Optometrists
Examples of related training and courses
Duties

The clinical psychologist is a specialised medical professional, mainly for serving abnormality or the mental illness patient. Unlike psychiatrists, clinical psychologists cannot treat patients with medicine. The main tasks of a clinical psychologist include:

  • Responsible for psychological assessment of patients, psychotherapy and coordination of rehabilitation services
  • Assist, plan and coordinate clinical psychological services in the context of health services, including the development of assessment methods
  • Participate in the planning and development of health teaching materials / educational activities and the implementation of health promotion activities
  • Participate in health and psychology research
  • Offer psychology related training for health care professionals and junior staff
Working hours

About 44-55 hours a week, may vary depending on medical establishments

Working environment

Working in a hospital or private clinic

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Clinical psychologist
Approximately $53,195 or more

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Master’s Degree in Clinical Psychology from any university in Hong Kong, or equivalent; and
  • Grade 1 results in the use of Chinese and English in the Common recruitment examination (CRE), or equivalent
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Note: If you are working in a government organization, you need to pass the Common recruitment examination (CRE).

Duties

The medical laboratory technologist is a health care professional specializing in the fields of cytopathology, clinical chemistry, blood and transfusion sciences, and medical microbiology and virology. The main tasks of a medical laboratory technologist include:

  • Handle substances extracted from the human body, such as human tissue, urine, blood, and even faeces
  • Provide pathological or genetic tests, laboratory results and data to assist doctors in the diagnosis of these substances
  • Dispensing of reagents, arrangement of equipment and evaluation of laboratory methods
  • Participate in research related to infectious diseases
Working hours

About 44-55 hours a week, may vary depending on medical establishments

Working environment

Working in a hospital or a private laboratory

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Be logical
Promotion and reference salary
Associate medical laboratory technologist
Approximately from $27,690-47,007
Medical laboratory technologist
Approximately from $49,158-70,981
Senior medical laboratory technologist
Approximately from $79,552-98,235

Posts at Hospital Authority

Medical laboratory technician I
Approximately from $20,270-40,420
Medical laboratory technician II
Approximately from $42,330-55,705
Chief medical laboratory technologist
Approximately from $48,540-70,090

Posts at Department of Health

 

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Medical Biological Sciences or related courses from any university in Hong Kong, or equivalent; and
  • A holder of a qualification of a registered medical laboratory technologist (part I or part II) of the Medical Laboratory Technologists Board
  • No colour blindness
Examples of related training and courses

Higher Diploma / Associate Degree

Note: Articulation to a bachelor’s degree programme is possible after completion of a higher Diploma in relevant subject areas.

Bachelor Degree


 

Duties

Health workers mainly serve the elderly, but they also serve other people in need. Most of them work in homes for the elderly or rehabilitation centres to take care of the daily life of the residents. Their work require patience and they need to deal with obnoxious work. The main tasks of a health worker include:

  • Tidy up residents’ personal belongings
  • Arrange meals for residents and assist residents who have difficulties in taking care of themselves
  • Take care of infirmary inmates’ personal cleanliness (e.g. Bathing, diaper changing, wound cleaning)
  • Assist residents in follow-up, consultation, medication feeding, dressing and rehabilitation campaigns
  • Assist medical staff or follow the guidelines for health checks (e.g. Blood pressure measurement, blood sugar testing)
  • Follow up residents’ health and social status and handle paperwork
Working hours

About 48-55 hours a week, may vary depending on the  rehabilitation centres or infirmaries

Working environment

Generally working at home, hospital, rehabilitation centre or elderly home
Personality: Be responsible, helpful and patient

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Junior health worker
Approximately from $19,030
Health worker
Approximately from $24,270
Senior health worker
Approximately from $30,165

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • A secondary school graduate
  • Completed the Employees Retraining Board “Health worker Certificate” course with a pass on the course assessment, or equivalent
  • Attended and passed professional examinations for health workers in residential care homes for the elderly approved by the Social Welfare Department andcommon training courses for health workers
  • Registered as a health worker at the Licensing Office of Residential Care Homes for the Elderly of the Social Welfare Department
Duties

Rehabilitation assistants work with physiotherapists or occupational therapists and help clients during their stage of rehabilitation. Their main tasks include:

  • Assist clients in rehabilitation
  • Contact with the clients and encourage them during treatment

 

Working hours

About 48-55 hours a week, may vary depending on the rehabilitation centres or infirmaries

Working environment

Working in a hospital or a private sector

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Rehabilitation assistant
Approximately $11,575 or more
Entry requirements
  • At least Secondary 3 or above, depending on the rehabilitation centres or infirmaries
  • Completed the relevant courses and obtained the qualification certificate
Duties

The medical assistant is mainly responsible for the daily operation of the clinic. The main tasks are as the follow:

  • Reception and registration for clinic patients
  • Processing of laboratory samples and assist in dispensing
  • Assist a doctor with examination or treatment
Working hours

About 44-55 hours a week, depending on the medical establishments

Working environment

Generally work in a medical clinic

Personality
Responsible
Helpful
Patient
Promotion and reference salary
Medical assistant trainee
Approximately from $9,000-9,500
Medical assistant
Approximately from $10,000-13,000
Senior medical officer
Approximately from $15,000 or more
Entry requirements
  • A secondary school graduate
  • Relevant certificates or working experience are preferred
Duties

More and more people are keeping pets in Hong Kong, therefore the demand for veterinarians is also increasing. For the time being, only the City University of Hong Kong offers a veterinary degree programme. Interested graduates can also study overseas. The following are the main tasks of a veterinarian:

  • Help the pet in body checking, disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment
  • Conduct tests for pets and analysis of inspection reports and results
  • Help pets treat diseases with medical equipment and medicine
  • Observe the change of pet’s conditions and take corresponding measures to cure it
  • Carry out epidemic prevention work for animals
Working hours

About 44 hours a week, may work in shifts in private clinics and longer working hours

Working environment

Work for Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department or private veterinary clinics

Personality
Responsible
Attention to details
Promotion and reference salary
Veterinarian
Approximately $63,930

Note: The above salary is based on the government grade total salary scale (from April 1, 2018). If you work in a non-government agency, the salary will be different.

Entry requirements
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Veterinary Medicine from University (available in accredited institutions in Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada, etc.)
  • Qualification to be registered as a veterinary surgeon under the Veterinary Surgeons Registration Ordinance
  • Level 2 or equivalent or above in five subjects (including Chinese and English Languages) in the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination (HKDSEE) , or equivalent
  • Grade 1 results in the use of Chinese and English in the Common recruitment examination (CRE), or equivalent

Note: If you are working in a government organization, you need to pass the Common recruitment examination (CRE).

Examples of related training and courses
Duties

The duties of a veterinary assistant are similar to a nurse, who works closely with veterinary officers to take care of different species of sick animals, including mammals and reptiles. The main tasks are as follows:

  • Health check and treatment of different species of animals
  • Assist a veterinarian to purchase required  nursing supplies
  • Take care of the injured, hospitalized and recovering animals
  • Assist a veterinarian in performing a surgical procedure and monitor the condition of the animal while the operation is being carried out
  • Clean and disinfect surgical tools and prepare medical and surgical instruments
  • Explain animal needs and answer questions to animal owners
Working hours

About 54 hours a week, work in shifts

Working environment

Work in veterinary clinics

Personality
Good communication skills
Responsible
Attention to details
Promotion and reference salary
Veterinary assistant trainee
Approximately $8,000-12,000
Veterinary assistant
Approximately $12,000-18,000
Senior veterinary assistant
Approximately $18,000 or more

Note: If you are required to perform night shift work, you will generally be paid a higher salary.

Entry requirements
  • A secondary school graduate
  • Basic knowledge of animal nursing
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