Parents' Corner

Career Information

Career Information

Building Engineering and Mechanical and Electrical Maintenance

The construction industry in Hong Kong builds high-rise residential and office buildings with a variety of building technologies, such as reclamation, design and construction. Construction projects can be divided into three main categories:

1. Buildings (including residential, commercial, industrial / storage / services);

2. Structures and facilities (including transport, other public facilities, environment, sports and entertainment); and

3. Non-construction sites work (including decoration, maintenance and repair).

The electrical and mechanical maintenance industry covers aircraft maintenance, electrical machinery, firefighting, gas fuel, air conditioning and refrigeration, lifts and escalators, plant machinery, water services, telecommunications, railway electrical and mechanical services, and ship maintenance. The maintenance and inspection of electrical and mechanical equipment, as well as major infrastructure and building construction projects, require expertise in the mechanical and electrical industries. With the development of society and economy, the public safety awareness has increased, and hence the demand for mechanical and electrical workers has increased as well.

Duties

To ensure the success of any building projects requires  different manpower, therefore the help and supervision of the construction supervisors (foreman) are essential. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Assist or independently supervise, manage, direct and coordinate the work of construction personnel
  • Assist or independently supervise the construction of roads, slopes, bridges, waterworks, drainage works, etc., and record the progress of works
  • Application, acceptance and inspection of specifications and quality of materials
  • Ensure safe operation of construction site

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

General site work

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Foreman (Trainee)
Approximately $10,000-15,000
Experience 0-3 years
Foreman
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 4-5 years
Senior foreman
Approximately from $30,000
Experience 7-8 years

Entry requirements

  • Level 2 or above in 5 subjects in Secondary School Diploma Examination (including Chinese Language, English Language and Mathematics) (HKDSEE), or above

Examples of related training and courses

Training courses

Note: Upon completion of the 18-month training period of the Construction Industry supervisor/technician course, a six-month on-the-job training will be provided. After completing the course, students may choose to pursue further studies to achieve higher professional qualifications.

Duties

The scope of the architect’s work includes the planning, design, co-ordination and supervision of the construction of buildings. The main tasks of the architect are as follows:

  • Design and prepare plans for various types of buildings
  • Prepare blueprints to ensure that completed buildings comply with plans and relevant building regulations
  • Study the use of the building, predict the difficulties, and seek the most cost-effective solution
  • In handling large and complex projects, it is necessary to work closely with other professional consultants, such as structural engineers, building services engineers and material surveyors, and to co-ordinate the whole project

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or may work overtime

Working environment

Works at architects’ buildings and construction sites

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Trainee architect
Approximately $15,000-18,000
Experience 0-3 years
Architect assistant
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-5 years
Architect
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 7 years or more

Entry requirements

  • Full time Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Accumulated 24 months of working experience to meet the training requirements of professional architects, and then pass the professional examination of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects and successfully complete registration as a member of the institute
  • Registration required as a registered architect in compliance with the Architects Registration Ordinance
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The duties of a sustainable design architect are basically the same as those of an ordinary architect, but more emphasis is placed on the use of environmentally friendly materials and resources to plan, design, co-ordinate and supervise the construction of buildings. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Design and prepare plans for various types of buildings based on outdoor and indoor environmental factors such as indoor air quality, natural lighting, natural ventilation, noise and vibration.
  • Prepare blueprints to ensure that completed buildings comply with plans and relevant building regulations.
  • Assess site and outdoor environmental quality, including local pollution assessment, ecological environment and historical heritage, etc.
  • Study the use of the building, the difficulties expected to arise in its use, and to seek the most cost-effective solution.
  • In handling large and complex projects, it is necessary to work closely with other professional consultants, such as structural engineers, building services engineers and material surveyors, and to co-ordinate the whole project

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, may work overtime

Working environment

Work at architects’ buildings and construction sites

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Sustainable design architect trainee
Approximately from $15,000-18,000
Experience 0-3 years
Sustainable design architect assistant
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-5 years
Sustainable design architect
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 7 years or above

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Accumulated 24 months of working experience to meet the training requirements of professional architects, and then passed the professional examination of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects and successfully registered as a member of the Institute
  • Registration as a registered architect in compliance with the Architects Registration Ordinance
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The civil engineer  is responsible for the feasibility study in the early stage of a building project, making the various decisions on whether the design of the project is cost-effective. During the construction period, the civil engineer needs to supervise and followup in different aspects by co-ordinating and communicating with different departments. The main tasks are as follows:

  • Plan, design, manage and supervise construction works
  • Calculate the weight and pressure that a building can bear
  • Explore the strength of the foundation and analyse the condition and composition of the various materials used in the building concerned such as steel, concrete, wood and steel, etc.
  • Conduct environmental assessment and management
  • Supervise the project on-site to ensure that the building is built according to the design
  • In handling large and complex projects, it is necessary to work closely with other professional consultants such as structural engineers, building services engineers and material surveyors, and to co-ordinate the whole project
  • Repair and maintenance of completed works

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Usually work in offices and construction sites

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Civil engineer trainee
Approximately $15,000-17,000
Experience 0-3 years
Assistant of civil engineer
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-5 years
Civil engineer
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 7 years or more

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant working experience and completed practical training, passed the registered engineer examination and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (Structural or Civil Engineering)
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

Apart from the pre-project feasibility study to the decisions on whether the design of the project is well-planned and cost-effective, the structural engineer also supervise, co-ordinate and communicate with various parties during the construction period. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Study and analyse the problems of structural engineering
  • Design the structure of industrial, commercial, government and residential buildings and provide professional advice
  • Responsible for inspecting and studying the force, load bearing and building structure
  • Monitor and audit building structure and maintenance works in accordance with the building repair legislation

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Office work and frequent site visits

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Structural Engineer Trainee
Approximately $15,000-17,000
Experience 0-3 years
Assistant of Structural Engineer
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-5 years
Structural Engineer
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 7 years or more

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant working experience and completed practical training, passed the registered engineer examination and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (Structural or Civil Engineering)
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

With the aim of improving public health, utilizing natural resources to improve the environment and protect the natural ecology, environmental engineers have designed and conceived related construction works. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Manage and supervise construction works to minimise hazards to the natural environment
  • Conduct environmental assessments and studies, including feasibility assessments, financial and time budgets, etc
  • Investigate, testand analyse air, water, waste, noise and energy
  • Carry out environmental monitoring and auditing in accordance with the statutory requirements and requirements
  • Provide professional advice for clients on environmental management and risk assessment

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Usually work in industrial and commercial buildings, may require on-site work

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Environmental engineer trainee
Approximately from $18,000
Experience 0-3 years
Environmental engineer assistant
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-5 years
Environmental engineer
Approximately from $50,000
Experience From 7 years

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Accumulated relevant working experience and completed internship training, passed the registered engineer examination and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (Environmental sector)
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The work of a land surveyor involves land, buildings, infrastructure, activation, etc. The following are the main types of work:

  • Cadastral survey: the identification and demarcation of land ownership boundaries and the calculation of land area
  • Engineering surveying: site mapping, earthwork calculation, monitoring of buildings and slopes
  • Geodesy: the establishment and maintenance of horizontal and altitude control points and the calculation of latitude, longitude and plane coordinates
  • Topographic surveying and digital mapping: topographic measurement and mapping
  • Hydrographic surveying: the determination of bottom topography and seabed depth
  • Photogrammetry: the production of surveying maps and maps with images taken from the ground or from the air
  • Land information management: the collection and processing of land-related information

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Office work and frequent site visits

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Land surveyor trainee
Approximately $15,000-17,000
Experience 0-3 years
Assistant land surveyor
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-4 years
Land surveyor
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 4 years or more

Entry requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Surveying from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant working experience and completed practical training, passed the examination of registered surveyors and became a full member of the Hong Kong institute of surveyors
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The quantity surveyor is responsible for estimating the cost of a building project and arranging the related financial work. The following are the main tasks:

  • Provide initial cost consultation to developers at the early stage of project planning
  • Give advice on material selection, construction procedures and maintenance
  • Preparation, analysis and evaluation of tender documents for projects to assist developers in selecting suitable contractors
  • Analyse total value of works and prepare budget of expenditure to control cost and expenditure
  • Plan and manage the project

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Office work and frequent site visits

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Quantity surveying trainee
Approximately $15,000-17,000
Experience 0-3 years
Assistant of quantity surveying
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-4 years
Quantity surveying
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 4 years or more

Entry requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Surveying from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant working experience and completed practical training, passed the examination of registered quantity surveying and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institute of Quantity Surveying
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The building maintenance surveyor is responsible for the maintenance and repair of buildings. The following are the main tasks of the surveyor:

  • Local improvement, maintenance, alteration and addition works
  • Prepare plans, maintain schedules and monitor the implementation of the project estimates
  • Assist in carrying out environmental and landscaping works, as well as major structural investigation work

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Office work and frequent site visits

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Maintenance surveyor trainee
Approximately $15,000-17,000
Experience 0-3 years
Assistant of maintenance surveyor
Approximately from $25,000
Experience 3-4 years
Maintenance surveyor
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 4 years or more

Entry requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Surveying from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant work experience and passed the registered surveyor examination after completing the internship training, and become became a full member of the Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The Landscape architect works with architects, planners, surveyors and engineers to design quality green spaces for the public to enhance the quality of life. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Plan construction projects and analyse site constraints to optimize building space
  • Design a harmonious outdoor space with nature, with the sustainable development of green environment
  • Monitor the progress of the project to ensure that the design requirements and quality are met

Working hours

About 45 hours a week, or work overtime if necessary

Working environment

Office work and frequent site visits

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Assistant landscape architect
Approximately $15,000-18,000
Experience 0-3 years
Landscape architect
Approximately from $30,000
Experience 3-4 years
Senior landscape architect
Approximately from $50,000
Experience 5 years or more

Entry requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Landscape Architecture from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Has accumulated relevant work experience and passed the registered landscape architect examination after completing the internship training, and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architect
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The work of mechanical engineers basically involves the application of scientific principles, such as mechanics, theology and electro mechanics, to the study and design of different installations, such as automobiles, ships, lifts, elevators and air conditioners. The following are the main tasks of the mechanical engineers:

  • According to customer requirements, provide product design and ensure quality control compliance with standards
  • Choose the most cost-effective way to make a product for customers
  • Assemble machinery or precision parts, provide maintenance service for operation and related equipment
  • Test newly manufactured product devices to resolve possible problems

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Usually work in industrial and commercial buildings and factory buildings, or may require on-site work

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Mechanical engineers trainee
Approximately from $20,000
Experience 0-3 years
Mechanical engineers assistant
Approximately from $31,000
Experience 4-5 years
Mechanical engineers
Approximately from $62,000
Experience 7-8 years

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor”s Degree in Mechanical Engineering from a recognized institution, or equivalent.
  • Has accumulated relevant working experience and passed the registered engineer examination after completing the internship training, and has become a full member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The electrical engineer is responsible for the design, research and development of electrical equipment such as electrical tools, generators, transformers, electrical switches and motor products. Their main tasks are as follows:

  • Conduct research on, develop and design motor systems and equipment
  • Supervise and co-ordinate the work of engineers in the areas of testing, construction, installation and maintenance
  • Work closely with designers to supervise installation works and solve potential problems
  • Inspect and test new product installations

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Usually work in industrial and commercial buildings and factory buildings, may require on-site work

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Electrical engineer assistant
Approximately from $32,000
Experience 0-3 years
Electrical engineer
Approximately from $59,000
Experience 4-6 years
Senior electrical engineer
Approximately from $100,000
Experience 7-8 years

Entry requirements

  • A Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering or related Engineering from a recognized institution, or equivalent
  • Accumulated relevant working experience and completed internship training, passed the registered engineer examination and became a full member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (Electrical Engineering)
  • Fluent in Cantonese and English

Duties

The Automobile Repairman is mainly responsible for testing the suitability of the vehicle for running on the road and ensuring the safety of the driver. The following are their main tasks:

  • Operate vehicle test equipment and fault diagnosis
  • Provide maintenance advice and advisory services
  • Carry out vehicle maintenance work, including disassembly, replacement and reloading of vehicle system components, etc
  • Test automotive components and systems

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Work in a garage

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Automobile repairman trainee
Approximately $8,000-10,000
Experience 0-2 years
Automobile Repairman
Approximately from $16,000
Experience 3-5 years
Automobile Repairman Manager
Approximately from $20,000
Experience 7-8 years

Entry requirements

  • Completed Secondary 3 and  an accredited certificate or related course in Automotive  Craftsmanship
  • A holder of a relevant valid Hong Kong driving licence

Duties

  • Provide auto cleaning, caring, coating, paint protection film (PPF) training
  • Provide customer services, and conduct house keeping

Working hours

About 45 hours per week

Working environment

Auto Beauty Centres

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Auto Beauty Trainee
About $12,000 - $18,000
Auto Beauty Technician
About $18,000 - 20,000

Entry requirements

  • Driving licenses (No.1 and 2) are preferred

Examples of related training and courses

Certificate

 

Duties

  • Erect, dismantle and repair bamboo or metal scaffolding required in construction work
  • Always apply professional knowledge and skills in scaffolding to complete their tasks at work

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Work outdoors or at construction sites

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Scaffolder
About $10,000 – 40,000
Site Foreman
About $10,000 – 40,000
Site Agent
About $20,000 – 70,000

Entry requirements

  • (i) Completion of relevant training courses is preferable; or (ii) holders of Intermediate Trade Test Certificate or Trade Test Certificate for Bamboo or Metal Scaffolders are preferable; (iii) holders of Certificate of completion of an apprenticeship in the trade of bamboo scaffolder, or equivalent, are preferable
  • Must be registered as Construction Worker and holders of Safety Card when working on construction sites
  • Skills gained on the job

Examples of related training and courses

Certificate

  • Hong Kong Institute Construction – Enhanced Construction Supervisor / Technician Programme

http://www.hkic.edu.hk/eng/programmes/enhanced_construction_supervisor_technician_programme

Duties

  • Calculate, prepare, load and detonate explosive charges in mines, quarries, civil engineering and building sites
  • Apply professional knowledge and skills in shotfiring to complete their tasks at work

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Work outdoors or at construction sites

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Shotfirers
About $10,000 – 40,000

Entry requirements

  • Must be holders of Mine Blasting Certificate
  • Must be registered as Construction Worker and holders of Safety Card when working on construction sites

Examples of related training and courses

Higher Diploma / Associate Degree

  • Hong Kong Institute of Construction – Enhanced Construction Supervisor / Technician Programme

http://www.hkic.edu.hk/eng/programmes/enhanced_construction_supervisor_technician_programme

Duties

  • Research into electrical and mechanical engineering problems related to lift and escalator systems
  • Design on mechanical and electrical equipment for lift and escalator systems
  • Plan and supervise their development, manufacture, construction, installation, operation, maintenance and repair lift and escalator equipment

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Work in office

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Lift / Escalator Mechanic
About $15,000 – 20,000
Lift / Escalator Technician
About $15,000 – 35,000
Lift / Escalator Engineer
About $25,000 – 60,000

Entry requirements

  • A bachelor’s degree in Building Services/ Electrical/ Mechanical Engineering-related discipline. Holders of relevant higher diplomas can articulate to related degree programmes.
  • Registered Lift/ Escalator Engineers (You may visit Electrical and Mechanical Services Department website for registration details), corporate membership of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (HKIE) in Electrical/ Electronic/ Building Services Engineering Discipline, or equivalent
  • Must apply professional knowledge and skills in Engineering to design and advise on mechanical and electrical equipment for lift and escalator systems

Examples of related training and courses

Bachelor Degree

  • Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong – Bachelor of Engineering Honours in Building Services Engineering

https://www.thei.edu.hk/programme/construction-technology-and-engineering/bachelor-of-engineering-honours-in-building-services-engineering/

Certificate

  • Vocational Training Council – Vocational Certificate for Electrical Installation Technicians

Duties

  • Repair the traditional keys and new type of keys
  • Copy or clone the key
  • Help the client to unlock and repair the lock

Working hours

About 45 hours

Working environment

Work in shop or client’s house

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Locksmith
About $14,000 – 20,000

Entry requirements

  • Familiar with all kind of key and lock issue
  • Master in traditional locksmith techniques and have skills and knowledge of repairing and unlocking the lock

Examples of related training and courses

Certificate

  • Locksmithing Institute of Hong Kong Limited – Senior locksmith training course

http://www.locksmithing.hk/?page_id=57

Duties

  • Building wall, removing wall, floor, magnetic floor, ground wall, installing bathtub
  • Install various types of electric sockets and lights
  • Install water pipes and various types of faucets
  • Paint the floors, surfaces and furniture, doors and windows

Working hours

About 45 hours a week

Working environment

Usually work indoor

Personality

Promotion and reference salary

Renovation Worker
About $18,000 – 30,000

Entry requirements

  • Regardless of academic experience
  • Have a basic repair skills

Examples of related training and courses

Certificate

  • Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Union – Certificate of maintenance and repair of property

https://www.hkctu.com/zh-hk/course_type_search.html?course_name=%E6%A9%9F%E9%9B%BB/%E5%BB%BA%E9%80%A0%E5%8F%8A%E8%A3%9D%E4%BF%AE

  • Occupational Deafness Compensation Board – Basic certificate of installation painter (middle-level art test)

https://www.erb.org/lookaterb/pdf/trainingtips/Sept2016/construction.pdf

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